Filefish are a group of small, colorful marine fish belonging to the family Monacanthidae. They are found in tropical and subtropical waters around the world. Filefish have a distinct appearance with a compressed body, rough texture, and a long, slender snout that resembles a file.
Filefish can be kept in aquariums as they are relatively hardy and adapt well to captive environments. A minimum tank size of 30 gallons is recommended for a single filefish, but larger tanks are better, especially if you plan to keep multiple filefish or other tankmates. Provide plenty of hiding spots and caves to mimic their natural habitat. They like to explore and may occasionally hide when feeling stressed.
Filefish prefer stable water conditions. Maintain a temperature range of 74°F to 82°F (23°C to 28°C). The pH level should be around 8.1 to 8.4, and the specific gravity (salinity) should be maintained between 1.020 to 1.025.
Filefish are primarily carnivores and enjoy a varied diet. Offer them a combination of live or frozen foods like brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, and finely chopped seafood. It's also beneficial to include some herbivorous options like algae sheets or pellets to satisfy their natural diet.
Filefish are generally peaceful but may become territorial, especially when crowded. Observe their behavior closely to identify any signs of stress or aggression. Avoid handling them unless necessary, as they have rough skin that can be easily damaged.
Remember, the information provided here is a general guide. Always research specific species of filefish you plan to keep, as different species may have slightly different care requirements. Additionally, be sure to consult with a knowledgeable aquarium specialist or local fish store for more personalized advice based on your setup and fish species. Happy fishkeeping!